In addition to Audi, Porsche and Mercedes, BMW is one of the largest German commercial companies to accompany the market of so-called premium manufacturers in Germany. The history of BMW and the wealth that existed during the pre-war period was quite debatable, but it had finally become necessary under the Nazi dictatorship. During this period mainly aircraft engines and motorcycles were produced for use by the Wehrmacht.
After the war, BMW was unable to produce any vehicles, since all the tools were owned by the Eisenach Automobile Company, which was occupied by Soviet forces. In the course of a court order BMW prevented the production of vehicles with the brand name BMW. The VEB was founded in 1952 from the Eisenach factories. Since the plant in Munich still had significant war damage, no vehicles could be produced there until 1952. In 1954 BMW took over production of the BMW502, the so-called baroque gel, which proved to be a financial flop. In 1959, an imminent takeover under the direction of Deutsche Bank to Daimler-Benz AG was prevented by contesting the balance sheet presented. Until then, BMW remained independent, but with considerable financing requirements. According to Kapitalschnitt, the industrialist Herbert Quandt agreed in 1960 to make a capital increase and to take over the securities not sold by the AG itself.
As a result, the influence of the banks and an additional loan of ? 20 million from MAN was paved the way for the development and production of a mid-class vehicle with high engine power, the BMW 1500. Classics such as the Isetta, the Goggomobil and the BMW 1600, 1800 and 2000, which were later replaced by the legendary Zero Two types 1602, 1802, 2002 and 200ti / tii, followed. This was the beginning of BMW’s rise in the 1966s. 1968 followed by the 2500 the first Oberklassenwagen, which afterwards with the names 2800 and 3.0SI were enthusiastic.